The 1st millennium refers to a period of time that started on January 1st 1 AD up to December 31st 1000. This period produced a lot of significant people whose names are still mentioned up to date. Some of the most significant people of the 1st millennium AD in Europe include;
Julius Caesar Augustus
He was the first Emperor of Rome. Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus was born on the 23rd September 63 BC in Rome. His reign was characterized by an end to civil war, peace, prosperity and imperial greatness. During his time at the helm, Rome became the most powerful empire in the whole of Europe. He was also significant in expanding the territorial boundaries of Rome, capturing territories as far as Egypt. He died on 19th August 14 AD after serving 40 years as the emperor of Rome.
Lucius Aurelius Commodus
He was the Roman Emperor from 180 AD to 192 AD. Born on the 31st August 161 AD in Lanuvium near Rome, he became Emperor at the tender age of 19. He co-ruled with his father Marcus Aurelius until the latter passed on in 180. He was significant in bringing about economic reforms to Rome by devaluing the Roman currency making it stronger. He was also instrumental in bringing peace to the people of Rome. He also expanded the Roman Empire to territories never explored before. He died on 31st December 192 AD.
Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus
Better known as Diocletian, Born in 254 AD, he ruled Rome as emperor from 284 AD-305 AD. During his rule, he restored effective governance to the empire after the anarchy that had plagued it before him. He also organized the fiscal, economic, administrative and the military machinery of the empire and was instrumental in laying the foundation for the Byzantine Empire in the east. He was also famous for persecution of Christians in the Roman Empire. He passed away in 316 AD.
Constantine The Great
He was probably the greatest of all the Roman emperors. He was born Flavius Valerius Constantinus on 27th February 280 in Naisuss (present day Serbia) and was the first emperor of Rome to openly profess his love for Christianity. He shaped the Roman Empire into a Christian state and also provided the impact that paved way for the rise of the Byzantine culture. He died on the 22nd of May 337 AD near Nicomedia in Bithynia.
Genseric (also spelled as Geiseric).
He was born around 428 AD and was king of the Vandals and Alans from 428 AD -477 AD and was among the key figures that led to the troubles that plagued the Roman Empire during that period. He raised the insignificant Germanic tribe to the status of one of the major powers in the Mediterranean region and through his reign, he defeated and conquered most of his enemies, expanding his kingdom in the process. He died on 25th January 477AD aged 88 years.
Theodoric the Great
Born in 454 AD, he became king of the Ostrogoths from 471 AD-526 AD. He also ruled Italy from 493AD-526AD, was a regent of the Visigoths from 511AD-526AD and a viceroy of the Eastern Roman empire. He is significant for leading his troops to major victories most especially against the Italians and was instrumental in giving the Ostrogoths a place to call home. He died in 526AD aged around 72 years.
Saint Isidore of Seville
He was born around 560 AD at Cartagena in Spain and served as the Archbishop of Seville for a period lasting more than 3 decades. He has been considered the last scholar of the ancient world. He was given credit for converting a lot of Spaniards to Catholicism and is remembered for the vast Christian literature he wrote during his reign as archbishop. He was canonized in 1598 by pope Clement VIII. He died on 4th April 636 in Seville, Spain.
He was a Frankish statesman (born around 688) who ruled Frankia in the capacities of Duke and Prince and also served as the mayor of the palace from718. He fought so many wars and during his time in power, he vastly expanded the Frankish kingdom. He reigned as the king of the Franks from 718 AD-741AD and died in 741 at Quierzy.
Alfred The Great
He was born around 849 and became king of Wessex from 871AD-899AD. He was instrumental in defending his kingdom from the Viking attempt to conquer his kingdom and led his people to great victories and is the only English monarch to be accorded that epithet of “the great”. He improved the legal, education and military structures of his kingdom. By the time he died on 26th October 899, he had become the most dominant ruler in England.
Otto The Great
Born on the 23rd November 912, he became duke of Saxony in 936 and ruled until his death in 973. He is considered by the vast majority of historians to be the founder of the Holy Roman Empire. Born in 912, he is best known as a great military warrior and was very instrumental in the expanding his territory far east into the Salvic world. He is also remembered for his missionary work and for colonization of weaker colonies. He died on the 7th may 973.